Spanien Aragon Sehenswertes und Attraktionen in Aragón (Aragonien)
Aragonien oder Aragon (spanisch und aragonesisch Aragón, katalanisch Aragó) ist eine autonome Gemeinschaft im Nordosten Spaniens. Sie grenzt im Norden. In totalem Gegensatz dazu steht das flache Ebro-Tal, begrenzt von Bergkette Moncayo im Osten. Eine Reise durch Aragons drei Provinzen, Zaragoza, Huesca und. Aragon - Spanische Region unterhalb der Pyrenäen. es sind nur einige von vielen charakteristischen Eigenschaften der spanischen Provinz Aragonien. Hier. Wegweiser durch Aragón (Aragonien), Beschreibung der Region, Mudéjarstädte sind die Attraktionen der Region im Nordosten Spaniens. Lage der Region Aragón in Spanien. Flächenmäßig die viertgrößte Region Spaniens, jedoch dünn besiedelt, bietet Aragonien (spanisch: Aragón) all das nicht.
Aragón, die Region in Nordspanien. In dem 47 km2 großen Gebiet Aragóns in den Pyrenäen leben kaum mehr drei Prozent der spanischen Bevölkerung. Aragon - Spanische Region unterhalb der Pyrenäen. es sind nur einige von vielen charakteristischen Eigenschaften der spanischen Provinz Aragonien. Hier. Lage der Region Aragón in Spanien. Flächenmäßig die viertgrößte Region Spaniens, jedoch dünn besiedelt, bietet Aragonien (spanisch: Aragón) all das nicht.
Spanien Aragon VideoWie sehr das Christentum mit Spanien und Beste Spielothek CarolinehСЊtte finden allem Aragonien verwurzelt ist zeigen viele Kirchenbauten. Sein Bruder Ramiro II. Doch auch die Stadtbilder werden durch historische Bauten bereichert. Sie zeigt die Beeinflussungen der Architektur in Teruel durch die maurische Kunst. Der Moncayo bildet insofern ein originelles Element innerhalb der Vegetation der Iberischen Gebirgskette Aragons, als er ihr einziges Massiv ist, das eine klare Abstufung der Pflanzenformationen aufweist. Diese Region verfügt über die Herkunftsbezeichnungen D. Damit gehört Aragon zu den am dünnsten besiedelten Regionen Spaniens und Europas. Neben dem Spanischen wird in einigen Tälern der Pyrenäen noch die. Diese Gegend Spaniens durchläuft auch ein Teilstück des berühmten Jakobswegs. Für Naturliebhaber empfiehlt sich ein Besuch im Nationalpark Ordesa y Monte. Aragón, die Region in Nordspanien. In dem 47 km2 großen Gebiet Aragóns in den Pyrenäen leben kaum mehr drei Prozent der spanischen Bevölkerung. Hauptstadt Aragonien: Saragossa (Zaragoza). Aragonesisch und Spanisch: Aragón. Katalanisch: Aragó. Amtssprache in Aragonien: Spanisch. Bevölkerung. Alfons setzte seinen Onkel Jakob II. Das Gebiet Spiel77 seit v. Aragonien umfasst die drei Provinzen HuescaSaragossa Zaragoza und Terueldie sich have Beste Spielothek in Niederthan finden commit in insgesamt 33 Bezirke Comarcas gliedern. Sie hatte für ihre Erscheinung die Säule gewählt, auf der sie heute noch verewigt ist. Peter III. Auch hier gibt es Wiesbaden Dr MГ¶ller besonderes Vogelschutzgebiet. Diese Region verfügt über die Herkunftsbezeichnungen D. Er verläuft quer durch Aragon, von Osten nach Westen. Yes, please! Hauptstadt :. Im Inneren zeichnet sie sich Leverkusen Vs Leipzig drei Schiffe und ein Kreuzschiff aus. Have Wsop Game agree französische Jakobsweg ist der älteste Jakobsweg, bei dem es einen Hauptweg mit mehreren Seitenwegen gibt. Es behielt seine alten inneren Institutionen und Freiheiten und verlor diese erst nach der Parteinahme für die österreichischen Habsburger im spanischen Erbfolgekrieg — Sie wurde als Lehen click to see more einem Grafen aus dem Haus Navarra verwaltet. Jahrhundert gingen die Bauarbeiten durch Sancho von Navarra weiter. Euro beziehungsweise bei This web page Stadtbild ist eine Mischung aus Alt und Modern. Spanische Talebenen unterhalb der Pyrenäen, ein stolzes, mittelalterliches Königreich und Siesta bis nach Mitternacht - es sind nur einige von vielen charakteristischen Eigenschaften der spanischen Provinz Aragonien. Video ansehen. Vertretung in den Cortes Generales :. Go here noch unbekannt. Damit gehört Aragon zu den am dünnsten besiedelten Regionen Spaniens und Europas.
Spanien Aragon - NavigationsmenüDen Frühlingsbeginn läutet das "Fiestas de Primavera" ein. Gastronomisch gesehen sind die Weine der regionalen Ursprungsbezeichnungen wie beispielsweise Somontano, die Gemüseerzeugnisse aus der Ebroniederung wie etwa der Borretsch und der bekannte Schinken aus Teruel besonders zu empfehlen. Kulinarische Spezialitäten von Aragonien werden jedoch nur in den frühen Nachtstunden serviert, denn in vielen Restaurants und Hotels ist die Küche bis nach Mitternacht geöffnet da die meisten Spanier erst sehr spät zu Abend essen. Die Region bezieht aus ihren Flüssen Produkte, die einen besonderen Stellenwert auf der Speisekarte haben. Prunkvoll zeigt sie die Madonna del Pilar, die Schutzheilige, deren Feiertag am Dieser Artikel befasst sich mit der heutigen autonomen Gemeinschaft. The waters of Cinca River after passing through the dam Jahrhundert als eine der Amtsbezirke https://urbanhubs.co/grand-casino-online/beste-spielothek-in-ahlde-finden.php spanischen Mark des fränkischen Reichs bestand. Am The Aragonese High Pyrenees contains the maximum heights of all the Pyrenees https://urbanhubs.co/best-online-bonus-casino/verzocken.php chain. The first is a very cold and dry wind that crosses the Ebro Valley from northwest to southeast article source that can present great strength and speed. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aragon. In den Carlistenkriegen des
Aragon is home to many rivers—most notably, the river Ebro , Spain's largest river in volume, which runs west—east across the entire region through the province of Zaragoza.
It is also home to the highest mountains of the Pyrenees. In addition to its three provinces, Aragon is subdivided into 33 comarcas or counties.
All comarcas of Aragon have a rich geopolitical and cultural history from its pre-Roman , Celtic and Roman days, four centuries of Islamic rule as Marca Superior of Al-Andalus or kingdom or taifa of Saraqusta , as lands that once belonged to the Frankish Marca Hispanica , counties that later formed the Kingdom of Aragon , and eventually the Crown of Aragon.
The orography of the community has as central axis the Ebro valley with heights between and meters approx. The Aragonese Pyrenees is located in the north of the province of Huesca and is arranged longitudinally in three large units: High Pyrenees, Intrapirenaic Depression and Outer Ranges.
The Aragonese High Pyrenees contains the maximum heights of all the Pyrenees mountainous chain. The intrapirenaic depression is a broad perpendicular corridor.
The pre-Pyrenean outer ranges are in the Huescan foothills and constitute the southernmost unit of the Pyrenees; formed by predominantly calcareous materials, reach heights between 1 and 2 meters.
The Sierra de Guara , one of the most important mountain ranges of the Spanish Pre-Pyrenees , stands out; its summit, the Guara Peak , reaches 2 metres.
It extends a wide plain, after passing the foothills, corresponding to the Depression of the Ebro. The depression of the Ebro is a tectonic pit filled with sedimentary materials, accumulated in the Tertiary age in horizontal series.
In the center, fine materials such as clays , plasters and limestones were deposited. To the south of the Ebro have been the limestone plateaus of Borja and of Zaragoza.
Although the climate of Aragon can be considered, in general, as a continental Mediterranean climate , its irregular orography creates several climates or microclimates throughout the entire community.
From the High mountain climate of the central Pyrenees to the north, with perpetual ice glaciers , to the steppe or semi-desert zones, such as the Monegros , passing through the intense Continental climate of the Teruel-Daroca area.
The main characteristics of the Aragonese climate are: . Average temperatures are very dependent on height. The two most important winds of Aragon are the cierzo of the north and the heat index of levant.
The first is a very cold and dry wind that crosses the Ebro Valley from northwest to southeast and that can present great strength and speed.
The second is a warm wind, more irregular and smooth coming from the south-east. The vegetation follows the oscillations of relief and climate.
There is a great variety, be it wild vegetation or human crops. In the high areas you can find forests pines, firs, beech trees, oaks , bushes and meadows, while the areas of Ebro Valley evergreen oak and juniper are the most numerous trees, apart from the lands exploited for agricultural use.
Most Aragonese rivers are tributaries of the Ebro River, which is the largest river in Spain and divides the community in two.
The small Pyrenean mountain lakes called ibones merit special mention. In this entity are integrated national parks , natural parks , nature reserves , biosphere reserves and other protected natural areas that have been declared by the autonomous community, the Ramsar Convention or the Natura There are also three nature reserves, five natural monuments and three protected landscapes.
At the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers, the Aiguabarreig Ebro-Segre-Cinca is a space with great natural wealth and a great variety of ecosystems that range from Mediterranean steppes to impenetrable riverside forests, making this space a paradise for biodiversity.
Territorially, the Aiguabarreig is at the center of the Middle Depression of the Ebro. It borders to the west with the Monegros, to the east with the Tossals de Montmeneu and Almatret and to the south with the tail of the Ribarroja reservoir.
This space is named with Catalan word of origin that designates the place where two or more water streams meet and form one.
The Segre and Cinca form a first Aiguabarreig between the towns of La Granja d'Escarp, Massalcoreig and Torrente de Cinca, a few kilometers downstream they converge with the waters of the Ebro, already in the municipality of Mequinenza , forming one of the largest river confluences of the entire Iberian Peninsula.
Aragon, occupying the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula has served as a bridge between the Mediterranean Sea , the peninsular center and the coasts of the Cantabrian Sea.
The human presence in the lands that today form the autonomous community date back several millennia, but the current Aragon, like many of the current historical nationalities, were formed during the Middle Ages.
The oldest testimonies of human life in the lands that today make up Aragon go back to the time of the glaciations, in the Pleistocene , some years ago.
This population left the Acheulean industry that found its best weapons in the hand axes of flint or the cleavers of quartzite.
In the Upper Palaeolithic appeared two new cultures: Solutrean and Magdalenian. The Epipaleolithic was centered in Lower Aragon , occupying the epoch between the 7th and the 5th millennium.
The Eneolithic was characterized in the province of Huesca presenting two important megalithic nuclei: the Pre-Pyrenees of the Outer Ranges and the High Pyrenean valleys.
They are Indo-European people, with an alleged origin in Central Europe, who incinerate their dead by placing the ashes in a funeral urn.
From the metallurgical point of view there seems to be a boom given the increase in foundry molds that are located in the populations.
The Iron Age is the most important, since throughout the centuries it is the true substratum of the Aragonese historical population.
The arrival of Central Europeans during the Bronze Age by Pyrenees until reaching the Lower Aragon area, supposed an important ethnic contribution that prepared the way to the invasions of Iron Age.
The Mediterranean contributions represented a commercial activity that will constitute a powerful stimulus for the iron metallurgy, promoting the modernization of the tools and the indigenous armament, replacing the old bronze with the iron.
There is presence of Phoenician , Greek and Etruscan products. They are Iberized groups with a tendency towards stability, fixing their habitat in durable populations, with dwellings that evolve towards more enduring and stable models.
The type of social organization was based on the family group, consisting of four generations. Self-sufficient societies in which the greater part of the population was dedicated to agricultural and livestock activities.
In the Iberian scope the power was monarchical, exercised by a king; there was a democratic assembly with participation of the male population.
There were visible social differentiations and established legal-political statutes. The Romans arrived and progressed easily into the interior.
In the territorial distribution that Rome made of Hispania , the current Aragon was included in the Hispania Citerior.
In the year BCE, Sempronius Tuditanus is the praetor of the Citerior and had to face a general uprising in their territories that ended with the Roman defeat and the own death of Tuditanus.
In view of these facts the Senate sent the consul Marcus Porcius Cato with an army of 60 men. The indigenous peoples of the area were rebelling, except for the Ilergetes who negotiated peace with Cato.
In the 1st century BCE Aragon was the scene of the civil war to seize the power of Rome where the governor Quintus Sertorius made Osca Huesca the capital of all the territories controlled by them.
Already in the 1st century BCE, the today Aragonese territory became part of the province Tarraconensis and there was the definitive romanization of it creating roads and consolidating ancient Celtiberian and Iberian cities such as Caesaraugusta Zaragoza , Turiaso Tarazona , Osca Huesca or Bilbilis Calatayud.
In the middle of the 3rd century the decay of the Roman Empire began. Between the years and the Franks and the Alemanni , two Germanic peoples who passed through the Pyrenees and came to Tarazona , which they sacked.
In the agony of the Empire groups of bandits emerged who were dedicated to pillage. The Ebro Valley was ravaged in the 5th century by several gangs of evildoers called Bagaudae.
After the disintegration of the Western Roman Empire , the current area of Aragon was occupied by the Visigoths , forming the Visigothic Kingdom.
In the year muslims from North Africa conquered the central area of Aragon, converting to Islam the ancient Roman cities such as Saraqusta Zaragoza or Wasqa Huesca.
Under the reign of Ramiro I of Aragon would be extended borders with the annexation of the counties of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza year , after having incorporated populations of the historical comarca of Cinco Villas.
In , on the death of Sancho IV of Pamplona , Aragon incorporated part of the Navarrese kingdom into its territories while Castile did the same with the western area of the former domains of Sancho "the Great".
At his death the nobles would choose his brother Ramiro II of Aragon , who left his religious life to assume the royal scepter and perpetuate the dynasty, which he achieved with the dynastic union of the House of Aragon with the owner of the County of Barcelona in , year in which the union of both patrimonies would give rise to the Crown of Aragon and would add the forces that to its they would make the conquests of the Kingdom of Majorca and the Kingdom of Valencia possible.
The Crown of Aragon would become the hegemonic power of the Mediterranean, controlling territories as important as Sicily , Corsica , Sardinia or Naples.
Each of these titles gave him sovereignty over the specific region, and the titles changed as territories were lost and won.
According to Aragonese law , the monarch had to swear allegiance to the Kingdom's laws before being accepted as king.
Like other Pyrenean and Basque realms, the Aragonese justice and decision making system was based on Pyrenean consuetudinary law , the King was considered primus inter pares 'first among equals' within the nobility.
The subsequent legend made the Aragonese monarchy eligible and created a phrase of coronation of the king that would be perpetuated for centuries:.
We, who are worth as much as you we make you our King and Lord, as long as you keep our fueros and liberties, and if not, not. This situation would be repeated in the Commitment of Caspe , which avoids a war that had dismembered the Crown of Aragon when a good handful of aspirants to the throne emerged after the death of Martin of Aragon a year after the death of his first-born, Martin I of Sicily.
Aragon is already a large-scale political entity: the Crown, the Cortes , the Deputation of the Kingdom and the Foral Law constitute its nature and its character.
The Early Modern Age was marked by increasing tension between the power of the Spanish Monarchy and those of the regions.
The appointment of a Castilian as Viceroy in , contrary to the agreement all Royal officials be Aragonese caused widespread unrest; when the Madrid authorities attempted to arrest the Aragonese writer and politician Antonio Perez in May , it caused street violence in Zaragossa and a revolt known as the Alterations of Aragon.
Philip then ordered a reduction in the proportion of taxes retained by the Generality of Aragon to lessen their capacity to raise an army against him.
The decay of independent institutions meant political activity focused instead on the preservation of Aragonese history, culture and art.
The Archive of the Kingdom of Aragon preserved legal documents and records from the Justiciar and the Palace of Deputation or Parliament, unfortunately largely destroyed by the French in the battles of Much of the work produced by Aragonese writers challenged Philip II's version of events and were censored by the central government.
In retaliation, the Generality of Aragon ordered the work of Castilian historian Antonio de Herrera y Tordesillas to be burned and commissioned Vicencio Blasco de Lanuza to write an alternative.
His 'History of Aragon' was published in two volumes, and respectively; the urgency shows the importance placed on responding to Herrera.
War and economic decline inevitably led to increases in taxes, with predictable results; the refusal of the Catalan Cortes to contribute their share of the Union of Arms eventually led to a full-scale revolt in The victory of Philip V accelerated the trend towards greater centralisation; the Nueva Planta decrees of abolished the fueros and Aragonese political structures with their powers transferred to the Deputation of the Kingdom in Madrid; Aragon and Valencia were brought into the system in , Catalonia and Majorca following in Zaragoza was largely destroyed in February during the Second Siege of Zaragoza , bringing a halt to its economic development.
The Constitution proposed a number of reforms, including the creation of provincial territories and dividing Aragon into the four provinces of Calatayud , Teruel , Soria and Guadalajara.
However, these reforms were delayed by Ferdinand VII 's refusal to accept the constitution and finally implemented in during the Trienio Liberal.
When Ferdinand was restored by French Bourbon forces in , he abolished the Constitution along with the provincial reforms. When he died in , the provincial division of divided Aragon into its current three provinces.
Throughout the 19th century, Aragon was a stronghold of the Carlists , who offered to restore the fueros and other rights associated with the former Kingdom of Aragon.
This period saw a massive exodus from the countryside into the larger cities of Aragon such as Huesca , Zaragoza , Teruel or Calatayud and other nearby regions, such as Catalonia or Madrid.
The history of Aragon in the first half of the 20th century was similar to that of the rest of Spain; the building of infrastructure and reforms made by Miguel Primo de Rivera led to a brief economic boom, with new civil and individual liberties during the Second Spanish Republic.
In June , a draft Statute of Autonomy of Aragon was presented to the Cortes Generales but the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War prevented the development of this autonomist project.
During the — civil war, Aragon was divided between the two sides. Some of the most important battles were fought in or near Aragon, including Belchite , Teruel and Ebro.
After the defeat of the Republic in April , Aragon and the rest of Spain was governed by the Francoist dictatorship. Especially during the s, there were large migrations, with a depopulation of the rural areas, towards the industrial areas like the provincial capitals, other areas of Spain, and other European countries.
In , one of the so-called Development Poles was created in Zaragoza. In 's, the old town of Mequinenza was demolished almost completely due to the construction of the Ribarroja reservoir.
The inhabitants of Mequinenza had to leave their homes to move to the new town on the banks of the River Segre.
A part of the inhabitants left for more industrial areas such as Barcelona or Zaragoza or even abroad to continue working in mining industries.
By the end of all population had already abandoned the Old Town of Mequinenza and was living in the new town. In the s a period of transition as in the rest of the Country was experienced, after the extinction of the previous regime, with the recovery of democratic normality and the creation of a new constitutional framework.
It began to demand an own political autonomy, for the Aragonese historical territory; sentiment that was reflected in the historic manifestation of April 23 of that brought together more than aragoneses through the streets of Zaragoza.
Not having plebiscited, in the past, affirmatively a draft Statute of autonomy second transitory provision of the constitution and not making use of the difficult access to autonomy by Article whose aggravated procedure required, apart from the initiative of the process autonomic follow the steps of article , which was ratified by three quarters of the municipalities of each of the affected provinces that represent at least the majority of the electoral census, and that this initiative was approved by referendum by the affirmative vote of the majority absolute of the electors of each province, Aragon acceded to the self-government by the slow way of article obtaining lower competence top, and less self-management of resources, during more than 20 years.
Again, a small statutory reform in the year extended the competence framework, forcing a definitive comprehensive review for several years, a new statutory text was approved in , by majority but without reaching total unanimity.
In the s the Aragonese society increases a significant qualitative step in the quality of life due to the economic progress of the State at all levels.
At the beginning of the 21st century, a significant increase in infrastructures was established, such as the arrival of the High Speed Train AVE , the construction of the new dual carriageway Somport-Sagunto and the promotion of the two airports in the Autonomous Community, Zaragoza and Huesca-Pirineos.
At the same time, large technological projects are being undertaken, such as the Walqa Technology Park and the implementation of a telematic network throughout the community.
In the Statute of Autonomy of Aragon was reformed again -which was approved by a broad consensus in the Aragonese Corts, having the support of the PSOE , the PP , the PAR and the IU , whereas CHA abstained- granting the Autonomous Community the recognition of historical nationality since the Organic Law of reform of the statute, it had the condition of nationality  , includes a new title on the Administration of Chustizia and another on the rights and duties of the Aragoneses and guiding principles of public policies, the possibility of creating an own tax agency in collaboration with that of the State, and also the obligation to public authorities to ensure to avoid transfers from watersheds such as transfer of the Ebro , among many other modifications of the Statute of Autonomy.
The designation of Zaragoza as the venue for the International Exhibition , whose thematic axis was Water and Sustainable development , represented a series of changes and accelerated growth for the autonomous community.
In addition, two anniversaries were celebrated that same year, the bicentennial of Sieges of Zaragoza of the War of Independence against the Napoleonic invasion, occurred in and the centenary of the Hispano-French Exposition of that it supposed as a modern event, to demonstrate the cultural and economic thrust of Aragon and at the same time serve to strengthen ties and staunch wounds with the French neighbors after the events of the Napoleonic Wars of the previous century.
As of [update] , half of Aragon's population, Huesca is the only other city in the region with a population greater than 50 The majority of Aragonese citizens, The most densely populated areas are around the valley of the river Ebro , particularly around Zaragoza, and in the Pyrenean foothills, while the areas with the fewest inhabitants tend to be those that are higher up in the Pyrenean mountains, and in most of the southern province of Teruel.
Only four cities have a population of more than 20 : Zaragoza , Huesca 50 , Teruel 35 , and Calatayud 20 Spanish is the native language in most of Aragon, and it is the only official language, understood and spoken by virtually everyone in the region.
In addition to it, the Aragonese language continues to be spoken in several local varieties in the mountainous northern counties of the Pyrenees , particularly in western Ribagorza , Sobrarbe , Jacetania and Somontano ; it is enjoying a resurgence of popularity as a tool for regional identity.
The strip-shaped Catalan-speaking area in Aragon is often called La Franja. Eine weitere Expansion in den Raum südlich davon war durch die Landnahme Kastiliens bzw.
Jahrhundert ihre Interessen innerhalb des Konglomerats in einem eigenen Ratsgremium Cortes zu wahren gesucht. Das Verhältnis beider Teilreiche zueinander war trotz eines gemeinsamen Regenten nicht frei von Spannungen.
Besonders als im Dies änderte sich allerdings nach dem Aussterben der spanischen Habsburger und dem darauf folgenden Ausbruch des Spanischen Erbfolgekriegs Nachdem dieser jedoch in der Schlacht von Almansa am April einen entscheidenden Sieg gegen die Habsburger und ihre Alliierten errungen hatte, nutzte er diesen Erfolg zur Neugestaltung der administrativen Gliederung des spanischen Königreichs.
Am Juni verfügte Philipp V. Es wurde nun administrativ als eine Provinz mit dem kastilischen Staat verbunden, in dem sich der spanische Zentralstaat manifestierte.
Nach der Rückkehr der Bourbonen wurden diese in einer ersten Neugliederung des spanischen Staates in die vier Provinzen Calatayud, Huesca, Teruel und Saragossa reorganisiert.
In einer zweiten von Innenminister Francisco Javier de Burgos initiierten Neugliederung wurde die Provinz Calatayud an jene von Saragossa angeschlossen.
Von den früheren Königen von Aragon ist nicht bekannt, dass sie je eigene Wappen geführt hätten, zumal das Wappenwesen erst in der zweiten Hälfte des Jahrhunderts aufkam.
Dieses Kreuz war wiederum dem charakteristischen Signum entliehen, mit dem dieser König seine Urkunden zu unterzeichnen pflegte.
Ab König Peter I. Aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach entsprang dieses Wappen dem Kreuzzugsideal des Jahrhunderts, dem vor allem Peter II.
Aber traditionell wird sein Ursprung seit dem Jahrhundert mit einer ebenso legendenbehafteten Überlieferung erklärt, wonach dem König Peter I.
Und da der König diesen Sieg als ein Resultat der Unterstützung des heiligen Georg erkannt habe, habe er dessen Kreuzsymbol ergänzt durch die vier Mohrenköpfe als neues Wappen seiner Dynastie angenommen.